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Articles of Impeachment

It has always been the goal of USA-eVote to remain unbiased by presenting evidence and allowing the American voter to come to their own conclusion on the issues at hand. Today we hear news about the impeachment of President Trump. After reviewing all of the reports from the major news agencies, we here at USA-eVote have found that each of those news agencies decided to interject their own biased remarks. All of those remarks have been pointed against the President. Why? What ever happened to unbiased news reporting? I doubt if there is a law against biased news reporting, but common ethics in the past has always demanded unbiased news reports. What has changed in the United States, and why has it changed?

Here is a copy of the Articles of Impeachment for your review.

Articles of Impeachments

This copy is without comments and opinions. Which has proved rather difficult to find on the Internet. Every news agency has decided to include their own personal views and comments on detail, comments, and evidence within this document. In other words, the major new media organizations have decided to get involved in the 2000 election process attempting to sway public opinion. Why?

USA-eVote can only provide a few of its own suggestions.

1. Parties spend record amounts of money on elections. Is there money involved? Let’s look at a few figures.

Funds Spent per Election

presidential campaign spending normalized, 1960-2016

This report shows how Democrats have been outspending Republicans on a scale of 2 to 1, reaching a record high of almost 3 to 1 in the 2008 election.

2. President Trump is not your average political figure.

President Trump does not fit the mold of the average politician. He does not have the extensive political back ground shared by most elected officials. This scares the average politician. The average American voter has long hoped for a President and other elected officials who are members of the gold old boys club to come in office and expose the behind the scene agreements, promises, arrangements, and payoffs that continually cost the American taxpayers billions of dollars. One can only imagine the tax cuts that would take place if special interests groups were truly removed from the legislative process.

In keeping with the, not your average politician theme, President Trump has set unprecedented records in economic growth, military strength, and also reached agreements and treaties with foreign powers that have saved the United States billions of dollars and brought jobs back to the US.

3. Immigration

Why is immigration control a threat to President Trump’s rivals? We have to take a close look at political corruption and tax increases in local areas to find answers to that question. Politicians from the local to national levels have long been involved in Real Estate investment. Many of them are nothing more than slum lords. The average American receiving housing subsidies knows the law and will not hesitate to report sub-par living conditions. The solution to that problem. Place illegal immigrants in those less than adequate housing investments. Take a look at the tax increases in safe cities such as Chicago and Milwaukee. Not only has the crime rate reached record levels, so have taxes. Why? Safe cities include local government agencies designed to assist illegal immigrants and funnel tax dollars for housing and other forms of welfare. Creating jobs in those agencies insures future votes, not only from those employed in those agencies, but the people funneled through those agencies. We can compare services offered by those agencies to reeducation camps in communist countries. While USA-eVote is dedicated to educating the average American voter, other factions are dedicated to brainwashing voters from other avenues. And those other agencies are well funded.

The immigration issue goes beyond votes. Hugh sums of money are involved. Since the average American on housing subsidy will report housing violations, illegal immigrates who face the threat of deportation for rocking the boat are the ideal solution. In essence, politicians from the local to national level have set up programs that provide a guaranteed income on their less than stellar investments. Newly established government agencies funnel tax dollars directly to the slum lords account. No questions asked. Many of those investment properties are purchased directly from the city as tax foreclosed properties for pennies on the dollar. Costing tax payers more money. Because those investments do not forgo the normal remodeling, the local economy is cheated out of untold opportunities in economic development.

4. The Economy

What politician would not welcome a thriving economy? A politician who has their mind set on the idea, dollars equate to votes. A review of money spent during the election process established the link in that belief. How does the economy come into play? Why would the president’s rivals oppose a thriving economy? Money in the average American taxpayer’s pocket can and will equate to votes. When the residing president makes unprecedented strides in the economy, they become an unbeatable force at the polls in the next election.

5. World Affairs

It’s no big secret, some ethic groups pride themselves in the art of negotiations. From the earliest age they see their parents negotiating the best price in the local market place. Some will tell you, “negotiating is in their blood.” Some ethic groups may only enter into negotiations with a worthy opponent. Other groups may only negotiate with people who fit a certain mold. Of course the US prides itself on equality. It is a way of life, and the law in the US. But we cannot force other countries to accept our laws. If they refuse to negotiate with certain people based on race, creed, color, or sex, there is nothing anyone can do about that. We have no choice but to bow to their demands to bring them to the negotiating table. Instead of condemning and criticizing President Trump’s success at negotiating tables all around the world, a wise politician would learn from his examples. After all, if nothing else, the negotiating process is a life long learning experience. The moment anyone enters into the thought they have all the answers and has prepared for all the contingencies is the moment they give full advantage to their opponents across the negotiating table.

6. Biased Media and Fake News

There is no doubt, fake news played a part in the 2016 election process. Fake news agencies popped up all over the world and showed the world how to use social media to make money. Normal, everyday people with no special skills jumped out of a middle class income into the upper class income bracket over night. How did they do that? They learned how to play the Internet game and succeeded. With little to no funds, a few people were able to build a successful empire based on nothing more than lies. And it was all legal. In the United States we have this thing called freedom of speech. As soon as major news media agencies recognized that almost unlimited source of income, one after another jumped onto the fake news band wagon. As soon as the major news agencies realized they could make more money from fake news stories, all hope was lost to find an unbiased source of news. No one has spoken out against fake news agencies more than President Trump who has exposed many of the fake news agencies overseas and continues to speak out against those news agencies who have adapted the money making profiles and procedures used by and proven by the early fake news agencies that took advantage of the 2016 election. In essence, major news agencies are guilty of the crimes listed in the Articles of Impeachment. The difference being, those news agencies are protected by the Constitution. A fact they will not discuss or expose.

Evidence presented in early impeachment hearings has proven Joe Biden and his son Hunter were involved with a number of overseas fake news agencies from feeding them fake news stories to funding their growth. To date no charges have been filed against Biden nor his son. On the contrary, the Articles of Impeachment filed and voted on by Democrats clearly spell out the effects of fake news on the 2016 elections. The Articles of Impeachment then introduce the possibility that President Tramp may follow Biden’s example in the future. The Articles of Impeachment fail to list any specific involvement or interference in the 2020 elections, only the possible threat of such actions.

This places every president elect at a disadvantage. Nothing has been done to address what has happened in the 2016 election. No laws have been introduced nor suggestions discussed to control or eliminate fake news or any attempts by any private entity to sway future elections. On the other hand, this act of impeachment has opened the flood gates to accuse any elected official of tampering with election results based on little to no evidence. In essence, this impeachment process has circumvented and for all practical intends and purposes removed every form of protection the Constitution was designed to guarantee. The Articles of Impeachment voted on and passed by House Democrats has established two distinct classes. One class, the incumbent, or elected official is banned from making any comments, or soliciting any third parties aid in any future election. The total lack of evidence presented on the Article of Impeachment set a very dangerous president. On the other hand, the lack of concern and action to address Biden’s involvement in the 2016 leaves the door open for every entity, special interest group, and individual to take advantage of their right to freedom of speech to sway votes. In hind sight, the Articles of Impeachment created a very unlevel playing field.

None of us wants to see fake news influence any election. For years we have seen politicians avoid major issues, lie, make promises they never intended to fulfill, and break every code of ethics. Sad to say, we are still paying many of those politicians. But to protect our freedom of speech, we have learned to live with it. So why is there an exception to that rule today? Why is one president made to measure up to a higher standard than every other politician?

No one can estimate the money involved in fake news. How do news agencies make money from fake news? There are two major sources of income from the Internet, The first is pay for click ads and ad space rented on websites for a fee based on the number of views a website accumulates. News agencies have found, the more unbelievable a story is, the more people view the story, and more people share the story in social media. When we look at this from a practical view point, people sharing those fake news stories are guilty of the charges files against President Trump.

The media will fight every attempt to control fake news with its last dying breath. They have the funds to fight every attempt to control fake news and take that battle to the highest court in the land. And they have the Constitution to support them. Our freedom of speech protects them. The only weapon we have to fight fake news is common sense. Stay off those fake news sites. Promise to never click any ads on those fake news sites. As a side note, fake news sites have no ethics. They sell ad space to the highest bidder including companies involved in spyware and viruses of every type, including ransomware.

7. Communist Involvement

Are communists involved in the Impeachment process? If so, to that extent? What is their plan and motives? We all know, communists have been, and will always attempt to over throw the American way of life. The American way of life is the example their citizens hope for and demand, The American way of life has been and will always be viewed as a threat to every communist country. We have to accept that fact, and tread upon changes very carefully. And we have seen major changes to the interpretation of the Constitution over the past few months in 2019. What are those major changes?

The Articles of Impeachment are for a large part not based on crimes committed, but future crimes members of the House of Representatives think President Trump may commit. The Articles clearly point out a future threat, but fail to identify actual crimes. Wouldn’t it have been much wiser to consider new laws that would restrict politicians from fabricating and using fake news to sway votes? That seems like an impossible task. How can we protect our freedom of speech and control fake news? Singapore has introduced a new law that is now being tested.

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/02/766399689/fake-news-law-goes-into-effect-in-singapore-worrying-free-speech-advocates

In simple terms Singapore passed a law that requires suspected fake stories to include reprisals and corrections from other sources. In other words, if you publish a fake story about anyone, they have the right to add to your Internet posting and tell their side of the story. Sound good to you? That law in effect does not interfere with anyone’s freedom of speech, but adds a new twist to freedom of speech. Readers are encouraged to read both views, and make their own decision.

When we look at what has been done in those Articles of Impeachment, we see how Democrats have decided to convict the President on crimes he may commit in the future. Democrats are suggesting that their actions are required to uphold the Constitution. Nothing could be further from the truth. Democrats have failed to produce the witness or whistle blower they claim exists. By doing so they are denying Constitutional rights to the President of the United States. The Constitution was designed to protect the general public from a state that decides to convict and punish people based on crimes that may be committed in the future. Socialism and communism exist because the state holds every right to arrest and punish people for mere threats they may poses in the future. That is communism in a nut shell and a way of life in every communist country. Today we see that way of life and justice creeping into the American society. And people responsible for introducing communist forms of justice are telling the American public, they are upholding the Constitution. On the contrary, they are introducing the first step in a plan to void the Constitution, Every communist dictator in the world has first acted within their Constitution, then suggested changes, until power is ceased, and their Constitution is legally made null and void.

Communists have s devious two part plan. Either introduce changes to the Constitution required for future communist growth, or create an atmosphere designed to divide the United States. If communist are allowed to continue on this course, they can and will introduce actions to bring about an atmosphere ripe for a civil war. Look at history. Communist dictators are know for staging fake attacks to insight riots and give the state the excuse to introduce additional laws and control Can a divided America stand up to a military threat from any one of the communist superpowers? Let’s look a little deeper into the possibility of an all out military invasion.

The US may be able to defend against one superpower. But what about two? It is no secret that every communist country in this world would love to see America fall. What better way to combine all of the communists countries under one flag and one military leader than to invade and defeat the United States. There can be promises to divide the US. We have seen that in history. The fact of the matter is, if the US falls, the world will fall. If the US is divided, it is unlikely other democratic countries will aid the US. The treat does exist. We have to view every new change and interpretation to the US Constitution as a threat to the foundation of freedom it was designed to protect. Is this impeachment the first step in a series of major changes, or just a test to determine public opinion to refine plans for a future take over? Only time will tell.

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Today in History: September 27, 1939 – Poland Surrenders

On September 27, 1939, after being invaded by first Germany and then the Soviet Union (we Americans have a tendency to FORGET that part of the story), Poland was forced to surrender.

As a result, 140,000 Polish troops were taken prisoner by Nazi armies.

As soon as the country was theirs, “the Germans began a systematic program of terror, murder, and cruelty, executing members of Poland’s middle and upper classes: Doctors, teachers, priests, landowners, and businessmen were rounded up and killed” (Source). On the same night 214 Catholic priests were shot. “And hundreds of thousands more Poles were driven from their homes and relocated east, as Germans settled in the vacated areas” (Source).

That November, the Soviet government went through the process of fake elections in their Polish territory. This was basically just an excuse to “legitimize” Soviet force. What resulted was some 13.4 million Poles being terrorized by the NKVD. Political murders took place, much as they did in the German territory. The Soviets, too, attacked members of Poland’s middle and upper classes: Military officers, police, and priests, doctors, teachers, lawyers, and librarians. Essentially, anyone with a degree; anyone intelligent enough to fight back. Hundreds of thousands were sent to Siberia to live in gulags and forced labor camps.

Poles were made into slaves on both sides of the boundary; by Soviets and Germans.

So, uhm, why exactly do we not talk about the brutality the Poles had to endure? Let’s not forget that after they were liberated from the Germans after WWII, that they were once again occupied by the Soviets until the early ‘90s. They were harassed, murdered, made into slaves, sent to concentration camps/gulags, and who knows what else? Maybe their plight should be discussed.

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Today in History: September 3, 1939 – WWII Begins

Although Germany had invaded Poland two days earlier, on the 1st, Britain had been hoping to avoid another major war. But, they’d made a promise to Poland, and were obligated to keep it.

Unfortunately for Poland, while Britain and France may have declared war against the Axis powers, they didn’t do much in the way of actually giving Poland the support they needed to fend of the Nazis. Their idea of “helping” was to drop a ton of anti-war pamphlets on the Germans. This, after handing over Czechoslovakia to Nazis. When, oh, that’s right, Hitler promised he’d be content with just that land. Of course, we all knew that wouldn’t last long.

[Below: British newspaper announcing the start of WWII & PM Chamberlain]

Image result for Britain declares war wwii

Back in America, while we wouldn’t join the war for another two years, President Roosevelt took the opportunity to address the American People via his famous Fireside Chats. Fireside Chats were something that American people looked forward to, gathering around their family radioes to listen to the President speak to them – right in their living rooms! It felt like he was speaking directly to them.

Despite the breakout of war across Europe, Roosevelt proclaimed neutrality. He may have been keeping his boys out of war, but that didn’t mean he wasn’t willing to lend a helping hand. He told the people of his plan to sell arms to Britain and France. He also intended to send them all the supplies and food they needed. Unfortunately, most of everything sent via ship was sunk by U-boats.

Europe was at war, fighting off the vicious foes of Fascism, Naziism (which is Fascism), Socialism, and Communism.  

[Below: Roosevelt’s September 3, 1939 Fireside Chat]

Image result for fireside chat september 3 1939

 

Listen:

September 3, 1939: Fireside Chat 14: On the European War

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Today in History: September 1, 1939 – Germany Invades Poland

On September 1, 1939, despite having already taken over Austria, despite having been handed land in the Sudetenland (by British PM Chamberlain), Hitler – having decided that simply wasn’t enough – had his troops invade Poland.

Now, England and France had already promised Poland that if Germany attacked them that it would mean war. However, even after the inevitable attack on Poland took place, the two countries were wary of getting themselves into another war.

However, they couldn’t continue to sit back and do nothing while Hitler (*ahem* and Mussolini and Stalin) invaded country after country. 

Stay tuned to WWII History to see how Britain and France handled the situation with Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini.

[Below: German troops marching through Warsaw]

Image result for germany invades poland

 

Note: A full article is on it’s way about Germany’s invasion of Poland. But before that comes, we have more ground to cover. Before Poland, Hitler invaded other countries. Then, there was the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Hitler is setting things up for another world war – and for world domination. Watch the story unfold here, at USA e-vote WWII History.

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Today in History: January 11, 1961 – Kennedy Gives 2nd State of the Union Address

Thanks to holidays and whatnot, it’s been awhile since we’ve posted a Today in History post. Thus, since today happens to be the 57th anniversary and I’m listening to Kennedy’s 2nd State of the Union, that it’d be a good place to start.

In his 2nd State of the Union, Kennedy discussed the problem of machines taking over jobs and of the problem of the current recession. This was one of his major concerns, and he promised that he would work on strengthening the economy in response.

And of course, at the top of list was the Cold War. Kennedy discussed “diversity” – which, he noted, Communism does not allow. Along this same talk, there is noticeable foreshadowing to Kennedy’s forthcoming Peace topic, which would begin in earnest after the Cuban Missile Crisis, of the same year. But, then, in typical Kennedy fashion, he jumps onto a diverging topic. In this case, missiles. What followed was a long list of the missiles that had been doubled and tripled in number, all in the name of protecting America from foreign domination. And, because, Kennedy’s ‘Peace through Strength” mantra was still alive and strong. 

In the coming year, our reserve programs will be revised–two Army Divisions will, I hope, replace those Guard Divisions on duty–and substantial other increases will boost our Air Force fighter units, the procurement of equipment, and our continental defense and warning efforts. The Nation’s first serious civil defense shelter program is under way, identifying, marking, and stocking 50 million spaces; and I urge your approval of Federal incentives for the construction of public fall-out shelters in schools and hospitals and similar centers.

Following this, he discussed the importance of the Space Race. Not necessarily to be first, though he definitely did want to beat the Soviets. The importance, he reminded the nation, was to continue to search, to learn, and to strive. To sit back and let the Soviets win was very different than doing their best and still coming in second. (Although, a Kennedy never loses!)

President Kennedy also discussed the need for Congress to respond to certain domestic issues, including: pollution, education, mass transit, urban housing, civil rights, public health, and welfare assistance programs. He touched on the importance of military strength, of foreign relations, trade (low tariffs on both sides), and Berlin. And he, as always, urged the American people to act, not to leave it to the government alone.

Listen: Kennedy’s 1962 State of the Union Address

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Today in History: December 3, 1989 – Cold War’s End Is Near

Sort of seems appropriate. 29 years ago today, as we all know, the Cold War was finally coming to an end after 42 years. We’d had many close calls, but thanks to Reagan’s peace through strength policies, the end was in sight. 

On December 3, 1989, during a meeting off the coast of Malta, President George Bush and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev both issued statements that suggested that the Cold War may just be officially coming to an end.

In office for less than a year, this was President Bush’s first summit with the Russian leader. He was “eager to follow up on the steps toward arms control taken by the preceding Reagan administration” (History). Even Gorbachev was vocal about wanting better relations with the U.S. That was quite a change from what it had been earlier. Gorbachev promised that these “talks marked in important first step toward ending the Cold War” (History). He went on to suggest that the very ideology of The Cold War needed to come to an end – all of the mistrust between the two countries, the arms race, and everything else The Cold War entailed. 

Unfortunately, despite their positive attitudes, the summit wasn’t overly successful. They walked away agree that both countries would work harder towards a “treaty dealing with long-range nuclear weapons and conventional arms in 1990” (History). Before leaving, they agreed to meet again in June of 1990, this time in Washington, D.C. 

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Today in History: November 22, 1963 – President Kennedy’s Assassination

Today, on Thanksgiving Day, we also honor (if that’s the right word) the 55th anniversary of President Kennedy’s assassination. (I actually thought this week’s USA-eVote Reads was fitting – and had we been active, oh, five months ago, we also would have had a post for the 50th anniversary of his brother’s assassination). It is interesting to note, that prior to his leaving for Texas, his brother begged him to skip Dallas, having been worried about an assassination plot. The president had, after all, avoid several already.

But, anyways, 55 years ago today, President Kennedy and his wife, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy – along with Vice President Johnson and his wife, amongst others – were in Texas. The morning started out well enough. The party had a grand breakfast feast (although, while they were waiting for the president’s arrival, the announcer kept going on and on about McKinley’s assassination, which I’m sure he regretted a few hours later) before flying to Dallas.

Dallas, of course, is the home of the infamous motorcade. 

As the motorcade passed the Texas School Book Depository and somewhere around Dealey Plaza and the grassy knoll, shots began to ring out. According to those in the motorcade, they felt like they going through a crossfire; shots were coming from all directions.

According to reports, the first shot hit President Kennedy in the back and lodged itself “approximately five inches below the collar and two inches  to the right of the spine (Nolan 150). The second shot went off a split second later (too close to the first to be from the same gun). This one hit Governor Connally, who sat directly in front of the President. “The third shot struck the President in the back of the head, driving his body forward, as witnessed in the [Zapruder] film” (151). At almost the same exact time, a fourth shot was fired, this one striking the President in the forehead. “The President was thrust backward and to the left and collapsed into his wife’s lap” (151). This is also the time where we see his head explode and Jackie climbing onto the trunk, chasing after fragments of his brain.

By the time the President reached Dallas’s Parkland Hospital, he’d lost most of his brain. Thirty minutes after the shooting began, President Kennedy was dead. J. Edgar Hoover would be the one to inform his brother.

After a somewhat shady autopsy at Parkland, Kennedy’s body was flown back to Washington where Jackie and the coffin were met by the late President’s brother. The family would spend the majority of the evening at Bethesda Naval Hospital. In the early morning hours of the 23rd, his body would be laid out in the East Room of the White House, per formalities. 

On November 24th, his flag-draped coffin was carried through the U.S. Capitol to lie in state. Hundreds of thousands of mourners would pay their respects. The next day, the family held the Requiem Mass at St. Matthew’s Cathedral before burying him in Arlington National Cemetery.

[Below: Jackie & Bobby at the funeral.]

So, today while we are being thankful, let us also remember that act that took place 55 years ago today. Let us also be thankful for the men who gave their lives for this country, such as President Kennedy. And remember his plea to this great country:

“And so, my fellow Americans: Ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.”

And let us continue . . . 

“My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead this land we love, asking His blessings and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own.”

His was a call to action; a call to arms. It was not a call for selfishness and request of freebies from the government, but instead a call for sacrifice. Remember that this Thanksgiving Day – to give of yourself for the betterment of this country and for someone else.

[Below: Casket in Arlington Cemetery]

Works Cited:

Nolan, Patrick: CIA Rogues and the Killing of the Kennedys. New York: Skyhorse, 2013.

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Today in History: October 8, 1923 – Beer Hall Putsch

The Beer Hall Putsch is mentioned time and again in the Prisoner of Night and Fog and Conspiracy of Blood and Smoke as Gretchen’s father is an added member of the Putsch – he obviously wasn’t there in real life. Which means, of course, that the Beer Hall Putsch was an important event in history. But one not often discussed.

The Putsch was Hitler’s “attempt at seizing control of the German government” (Source). See, Hitler very likely never would have ever gained momentum for his party (much less being elected) had it not been for the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty forced Germany to pay billions of dollars in reparations – money that they would never be able to repay. This left Germany in an even deeper depression than America, which, in turn, made Germany desperate for a way out. So desperate that they more than welcomed Hitler’s ludicrous plans to free them from the bonds of the depression.

The Beer Hall Putsch, then, was essentially Hitler’s coup against the government (yes, for paying war reparations). Hitler’s hope was that this would stretch far, all the way “to the dissatisfied German army, which in turn would bring down the central, democratic government in Berlin” (Source). So, on the evening of the 8th, under Hermann Göring – later head of the Luftwaffe – Bavarian government officials met with local business leaders.

During this meeting, Hitler burst in with his group of Nazi storm troopers (SA), discharged his pistol, and declared that “the national revolution has begun” (Source). The Bavarian leaders, held at gunpoint, reluctantly agreed.

But, then, in the early morning hours of November 9, the leaders repudiated this forced agreement, ordering quick suppression of Nazis. “At dawn, government troops surrounded the main Nazi force occupying the War Ministry building” (Source).

In response, Hitler marched the SA, some 3,000 men, into the center of town.

Here, they came face-to-face with 100 armed policemen. Shots were exchanged, during which time 16 Nazis and three policemen were killed. Hitler himself dislocated his shoulder while Göring escaped with wounds. In Gretchen’s story, her father saves Hitler’s life. That’s all I’ll say on that. Wouldn’t want to give away the plot!

Image result for Beer Hall Putsch

Three days later, Hitler was arrested for treason and was sentenced to a minimum of five years in prison. One might think that would be that. Of course, thanks to history we know it wasn’t. It was while he was imprisoned in Landsberg that he wrote Mein Kampf.

Thanks to pressure from the Nazis (very likely with some forceful persuasion by the SA), the government reduced Hitler’s sentence to a mere nine months. If only they’d forced him to complete the sentence!

In the late 20’s, the Nazis were declared a mass movement, by none other than Hitler, of course. And, as we all know, in 1933 Hitler was nominated Chancellor and a mere two months later was the Reichstag Fire followed by Hitler declaring himself dictator. And the rest, as they say, is history.

Well, except that exactly 16 years later, on the anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch, the first assassination attempt on Hitler failed. But more on that in the very near future with a full article.

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Today in History: November 7, 1944 – FDR Wins an Unprecedented 4th Term

 

We all know that FDR is the only president to serve more than 2 terms. And, of course, we also know that the main reason for this was the war over in Europe. Well, on October 7, 1944, Franklin Delano Roosevelt won his fourth presidential election bid.

We also know that FDR had to defy all odds to win one term in the White House, because he was crippled after contracting polio in 1921 at the age of 29. But being crippled didn’t stop him from presiding over two of the biggest crises in American History: The Great Depression and World War Two. The people clearly had an awful lot of faith in him if they were willing to election him that many times!

Unfortunately, though, by the time the 1944 elections rolled around, America was head over heels in war in Europe and the South Pacific. Even more unfortunate was the fact that President Roosevelt’s health was failing rapidly. “His arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) had been worsened by the stress of serving as a war-time president” (Source). But President Roosevelt did have one thing going for him, at least election-wise: America had just, months earlier, experienced one of the greatest victories in American history – D-Day.

Then, in 1947, under Roosevelt’s successor, Truman, the Congress decided to ensure that no other president could ever serve more than two terms. “In 1951, the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution was passed, officially limiting a president’s tenure in office to two terms of four years each” (Source). The amendment is an important one and we should all be grateful that it exists. No matter how great a president may be, eight years of any one administration is probably enough. Then, it’s time for some new blood in the White House.

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Today in History: October 24, 1951 – Truman Officially Ends War with Germany

Six years after VE-Day (Victory over Europe) on May 8, 1945, President Truman signed  Proclamation 2950, declaring that war with Germany was officially over.

“Most Americans assumed that the war with Germany had ended with the cessation of hostilities six years earlier” (Source). Same is true today. However, it is interesting to note that at the end of the war, a treaty hadn’t even been signed! Complications prevented it, namely the territory that Germany had been taking over since 1938 (although, it is a bit surprising that he waited a whole 5 years before invading).

Although, in this case it had more to do with how Germany was divided, split between the British, Americans, French, and Soviets. Essentially, this meant that it was actually divided between the democratic Allies and the communist Soviets. What resulted was a bit of tension. Each side claimed the other had violated post-war treaties. Tensions rose.

Finally, in 1948, Stalin ordered a blockade of Berlin, despite the fact that the other Allies still controlled the Western half.

As a result, Truman was forced to order an airlift to fly much-needed supplies into Berlin, such as food and fuel. While tensions were being worked out, the treaty was put on hold. Tensions only grew worse on October 3, 1951, when Stalin began an atomic weapons test.

But, on October 24, 1951, almost 10 years after the declaration of war with Germany, Truman announced that war was over.

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